Barber Training and Certification
Most states require that you need a cosmetology licence to practise as a barber. Others give specific barber licences. To obtain a barber certification, you need to attend a cosmetology school or barbering school.
Most barber programs are designed to help students pass the written exams conducted by the state board. The best ones among them also give you lot of hands-on training. It must be remembered that some schools are equipped to train students just for a barber licence, while there are others that offer complete cosmetology programs.
A barber certification program teaches you the following basic skills:
Hair cutting and styling
Chemical treatment of hair
Trimming beard and moustache
Hair and scalp treatments
Proper use and care of instruments
Maintaining proper levels of sanitation and hygiene
Chemistry, anatomy and physiology to the extent needed for the job
Identifying common skin diseases
Additionally, you may also learn to fit and care for wigs. Experts advice that it is beneficial to learn how to provide nail and skin care services along with barbering. Knowledge of proper coloring, bleaching and highlighting techniques also will stand you in good stead in your practice.
A full-time barber training program can last from 9 to 24 months. Some states also offer you the option to receive your training through a one to three-year apprenticeship instead.
Also, most states require you to receive a minimum number of continuing education hours ever year to maintain the licence.
Tuition for barbering or cosmetology school generally range from $6,500 and $10,000 depending on where you live and the hours of training required by your state for barber certification. Every state has its own rules for licensing and regulating barbers. Education requirements vary between 1200 and 2100 school hours across the states. Some states, as previously mentioned, will accept a certain number of apprenticeship hours as an alternative to attending a school. You will have to pass a written exam conducted by the state board before you can begin practising. Many states also require that you pass a practical test in which your styling skills are judged based on various parameters.
Most barbers work in a barber shop while others own their own shops or salons. Salons being more upmarket, barbers there tend to be referred to as hairdressers. or master barbers.
Those opting to work in a salon or barber shop, will receive a salary and possibly paid vacations and medical benefits. However, it’s more common for fledgling barbers to rent a chair in a shop and be self-employed.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the cosmetology sector is expected to continue to grow through 2014 signifying a bright career outlook for barber trainees. Though barbering is not as popular as it once was, many people still choose to go for a barbering degree and continue in the barber shop tradition.
The average barber earns about $22,000 per year, including tips. Most of them earn between $14,000 and $30,000 a year. The top 10 percent is estimated earn more than $40,000 a year.
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