Manicuring is the art of beautification of the nails on one’s hands. A manicurist is typically a nail technician who works exclusively on finger nails. A manicurist specializes in cleaning, filing and painting the finger nails of his/her client. In order to become a licensed manicurist one must first receive a formal training in nail manicuring at any of the state technical schools, cosmetology schools and colleges. According to the National Accrediting Commission of Cosmetology Arts and Sciences there are about 1,000 institutions in the Unites States offering programs in nail manicuring. While some states require a manicure candidate to be at least 16 years of age with an eight-grade education, other states require an age of at least 18 years with high school graduation.
At a manicuring school one not only learns the beauty of nail art but the essentials of nail science also. Students learn theoretical course works in subjects like reflexology, bacteriology, sanitation and sterilization, skin and nail anatomy, blood, nail diseases and disorders, fungus analysis and treatment. They also gain practical experience in table set up, manicuring with various substances like hot oil, paraffin, then various types of manicuring like the French manicuring, American manicuring and the Egyptian manicuring, airbrushing nail art, professional nail drill procedures, hand and foot massage techniques and artificial nail work. A full time course will take two years to complete while an apprenticeship program may take three years to complete.
After completing the education one must get licensed. The National and various State boards of cosmetology offers written and practical examinations to earn one’s nail manicure license. Most of the manicurists usually have their own business while others work in spas, saloons, department stores, nursing homes, drug stores and convalescent homes. A good manicurist must also be a good sales person as a growing number of stores are now selling nail polish and cleaners along with other products.
According to the U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics, most manicurists makes between $16,000 and $ 20,000 annually. Of course this may vary according to the size and location of the saloon, clients tipping habits and competition from other saloons. About 60,000 jobs were open for nail manicurists during the year 2004. Manicurists who have a degree or certificate in nail manicure should see strong job growth in the coming years due to rising incomes and increased emphasis on fashion. According to the U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics the job prospects of a nail manicurist will increase 18 to 26 percent through 2014.
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